Instagram has revealed a new Terms of Service (TOS) agreement for its users that will become effective on 16 January 2013.
One particular change to the TOS will come as no surprise to anyone who has been following the Facebook and Instagram relationship closely. We have known for a while that Instagram and Facebook were going to start sharing user data — it seemed inevitable, given the buyout of the photo-sharing service.
The TOS now confirms this, and the data sharing is highlighted as a key change from Instagram's blog:
However, a new clause has emerged that is more alarming for photographers who use Instagram to share photos. The service now has the ability to use your content to serve advertising. That filtered photo of your lunch can now be used by an advertiser to sell other people a sandwich (just as an example).
Just last week, it emerged that ads within Instagram will be coming sooner or later, as Facebook moves to monetise the service. The TOS states:
Some or all of the service may be supported by advertising revenue. To help us deliver interesting paid or sponsored content or promotions, you agree that a business or other entity may pay us to display your username, likeness, photos (along with any associated metadata) and/or actions you take, in connection with paid or sponsored content or promotions, without any compensation to you.
There is also a key difference between the old terms and the new ones. As outlined by photography site PopPhoto, compare the following two sections (emphasis added):
Instagram does not claim any ownership rights in the text, files, images, photos, video, sounds, musical works, works of authorship, applications or any other materials (collectively, "content") that you post on or through the Instagram services. By displaying or publishing ("posting") any content on or through the Instagram services, you hereby grant to Instagram a non-exclusive, fully paid and royalty free, worldwide, limited licence to use, modify, delete from, add to, publicly perform, publicly display, reproduce and translate such content, including without limitation distributing part or all of the site in any media formats through any media channels, except content not shared publicly ("private") will not be distributed outside the Instagram Services. — current Instagram TOS.
The term "sub-licensable" is similar to one that has appeared in Facebook's terms over the years. It means that Instagram can license your work to another party. Similarly with "transferable", which means that your rights from a particular photo can be transferred to someone else.
This change will no doubt set off alarm bells in the minds of many professional photographers who use Instagram to display their work.
There are, of course, options available for users who don't want to accept the new terms. You can download all of your images that have been uploaded to the service, and then delete your account. Do be aware that the methodology for deleting an Instagram account is slightly different to Facebook. Once you hit delete, the account is not recoverable, and you cannot sign up again with the same username.
You can read the new Instagram TOS in full here.