Brainiacs at Rice University, Texas, today debuted a spray-on lithium-ion battery that they say could be applied to nearly any surface. You read that right — a paintable battery.
The silver-coloured panels contain the spray-on batteries, covered by a sealant. The solar panel collects energy from lab lights, which transfers to the batteries. Those energy sources illuminate the LED array spelling "Rice".
(Credit: Jeff Fitlow/Rice University)
The paint contains layers, each representing a necessary component of a conventional battery — current collectors that are made in part from purified single-wall carbon nanotubes, a cathode, an anode and a polymer separator — as described in a report, published today in Nature, authored by Rice graduate student Neelam Singh and her team. Spraying the painted battery is a multilayer process, but when you're done, you have a covered surface that stores energy and discharges it when needed — a battery.
From left: The structure of a conventional battery and the ingredients of the five layer spray-on battery.
(Credit: Neelam Singh/Rice University)
Sceptical? One experiment conducted by Singh and her team revealed the promise of the technology: nine bathroom tile-based batteries were connected in parallel. One was topped with a solar cell that converted power from a white laboratory light. When fully charged, by both the solar panel and house current, the batteries alone powered a set of light-emitting diodes that spelled out "Rice" for six hours; the batteries provided a steady 2.4 volts.
Even after 60 charge/discharge cycles, the unusual battery barely lost capacity. The team also airbrushed the spray formula onto ceramic bathroom tiles, flexible polymers, glass, stainless steel and a beer stein. (That's one sure way to charge up a drink.)
Singh worked on the paintable battery with a wide range of people from Rice University and the scientific community, including graduate students Charudatta Galande and Akshay Mathkar; Los Alamos National Laboratory researcher Wai Gao; research scientist Arava Leela Mohana Reddy; Rice Quantum Institute intern Andrea Miranda; and Alexandru Vlad, a postdoctoral researcher at the Universite Catholique de Louvain, Belgium.
Singh and her team continue to work on refining this spray-on battery. Future versions of the concept could include electrolytes, which will make it easier to paint batteries in the open air, or sprayed batteries on "snap-together tiles that can be configured in any number of ways", as the university release puts it.
Did she just hint at Lego-style batteries? Sign me up!