Why the Mars rover has a measly 2-megapixel camera

Geeks everywhere are riveted by the new images of Mars that the Curiosity rover is beaming back to Earth. What you might be surprised to hear is just how few megapixels are involved in bringing those photos to us.

This image is stitched together from two navigation cameras on the rover's mast.
(Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech)

The rover sports 12 cameras in all, but the main imaging cameras have measly 2MP sensors. Wait, what? Was NASA trying to discourage the rover from taking too many vacation snapshots?

Malin Space Science Systems' Mike Ravine is the camera project manager for the mission. He told Digital Photography Review that, "These designs were proposed in 2004, and you don't get to propose one specification and then go off and develop something else. 2 megapixels with 8GB of flash [memory] didn't sound too bad in 2004. But it doesn't compare well to what you get in an iPhone today."

This all starts to make even more sense when you consider the amount of bandwidth and time that is needed to transmit data from Mars, all the way back to our fair planet. If NASA had packed on the megapixels, it would have been much more difficult to get images back in a timely manner.

Unfortunately, a planned 3D camera, developed with Avatar director James Cameron, didn't make it onto the mission. The technology to make it happen just wasn't ready in time. We'll have to settle for the rover's colour stereo images.

The real proof of how well the rover's cameras are working is in the pictures. So far, the first batches have been pretty stunning. I, for one, am definitely not complaining.

Via CNET.com

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Will1505 posted a comment   

It has a lot of up sides having the lower mp. Most notably, noise reduction. Also there is a pretty decent zoom on the camera, so what nasa can do is zoom in and take a lot of shots and then stick them together and get massively high res shots. If you look closely, you can tell that most of the shots that Nasa release are made up or a lot of smaller shots stuck together


Im Batman posted a comment   

The bandwidth just makes sense.
But i hadn't been paying attention an didn't realise it was 2004 when all this got spec'd up... 8GB nice.
I hope they got the best 2 MP sensor they could.
A big drawback to using the 2004 tech, would have been size, weight and power drain... actually 8GB... they were either cutting edge then, or they bumped that up over the years.
8GB flash memory these days is the size of a thumb nail... 2004, i recall us buying 256MB cards, which were massive in comparison.

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